Submissions to our journal consist of the following components:
Cover letter (Required) (Download here)
Title Page (Title, Authors, Affiliations and Corresponding Author) (Required)
File format: We accept all DOC, PDF, RTF, or DOCX formats. Microsoft Word documents should not be locked or protected.
Length: There is no restriction in manuscript length or word count, number of figures and supporting information. We encourage you to present and discuss your findings concisely.
Font: standard font and font size (i.e., Times New Roman, Ariel and font size 11)
Headings: Limit manuscript sections and sub-sections to 3 heading levels
Language: Manuscripts must be submitted in English
Abbreviations: Define abbreviations upon first appearance in the text. Do not use non-standard abbreviations unless they appear at least three times in the text. Keep abbreviations to a minimum
Species names: Write in italics (Write out in full the genus and species, both in the title of the manuscript and at the first mention of an organism in a paper. After first mention, the first letter of the genus name followed by the full species name may be used (e.g., H. sapiens).)
Genes, mutations, genotypes, and alleles: Write in italics. Use the recommended name by consulting the appropriate genetic nomenclature database
Submitted manuscript should follow the following criteria
Title should be in Title Case (except articles, conjunctions and prepositions)
Title should not exceed 250 character length
Specific, Precise, Descriptive and intelligible to readers outside the sphere.
Try to avoid Special characters like abbreviations
After Title write author names on the Title page and Authors are separated by comma and last name should be followed by conjunction ‘and’ On the title page, write author names in the following order:
First name (or initials, if used)
Middle name (or initials, if used)
Last name (surname, family name)
Each author need to mention affiliation and it includes university, department or organizational information and its address including country name. If an author has multiple affiliations, enter all affiliations on the title page only.
Corresponding author should be marked with asterisk (*) symbol.
One corresponding author should be designated in the submission system. However, this does not restrict the number of corresponding authors that may be listed on the article in the event of publication.
E-mail address for each corresponding author should be included in the Title Page of the Manuscript.
If there is author group on manuscript, please provide a note that describes where the full membership list is available for the readers.
Membership list can be listed in the Acknowledgments, in Supporting Information, or on the internet.
Introduction should be in to context and allow readers to know the aim and significance of the study.
Define the issues mentioned and why it is important
Include a short review of the key literature
Note any controversies within the scope of the research
Brief description about overall objective and aim of the work and comment
Conclusion about the overall work and comments about whether that aim was achieved
Materials and Methods:
In this section author should provide sufficient information to allow suitably skilled investigators to fully replicate your study. Guidelines and protocols for new methods should be explained in detail. If protocols and standard methods are well established, author needs to cite these articles properly in detail, but the submission should be include sufficient information to be understood independent of these references.in this section.
Brief Information should be provided in this section to allow other investigators to repeat brief but sufficient to allow other investigators to repeat the research
References should be mentioned wherever possible procedures appear
All organizations and individuals from where the materials are gathered should be listed
If any manuscript presents only theory in that case we can omit Materials and Method Section.
Websites that providing tutorial, personal or laboratory material are omitted from the articles.
None of the Materials and Methods may be placed in Supplemental Materials.
Units like International Standard unit system (SI System) and temperature in degrees Celsius should be implemented in the entire manuscript.
Results should provide all the content which supports the conclusion of the article.
In this section details of all experimental findings which are required to support the conclusion of the manuscript.
There is no limit for result section but content should not detract from the focus of the manuscript.
Content in this section should be written in past tense.
Results can be divided in to sub sections and content should be concise.
Experimental findings should be clear but succinctly the experimental findings
Those who contributed to the work but do not meet our authorship criteria should be listed in the Acknowledgments with a description of the contribution.
Authors are responsible for ensuring that anyone named in the Acknowledgments agrees to be named.
Results, Discussion, Conclusions
The above mentioned sections can be separate or combined to produce mixed section. This section further can be divided in to subsections. This section doesn’t have any word limit but the content should be clear and accurate.
Together, these sections should describe the results of the experiments, the interpretation of these results, and the conclusions that can be drawn.
Authors should explain how the results relate to the hypothesis presented as the basis of the study and provide a succinct explanation of the implications of the findings, particularly in relation to previous related studies and potential future directions for research.
All research work available within the scope of the manuscript can be cited in the reference section. The acceptable work can be published in reference section from the following sources
Published or accepted manuscripts
Manuscripts on pre-print servers, if the manuscript is submitted to a journal and also publicly available as a pre-print
Do not cite the following sources in the reference list:
Unpublished work and manuscripts which are under review or u published work.
Instead, include those data as supplementary material or deposit the data in a publicly available database.
Personal communication data should be supported by a letter from the relevant authors. It should not include in the references.
References are published in the end of manuscript and order should be maintained as per text reference number in the bracket (citations).
Do not include citations in abstracts or author summaries.
Make sure the parts of the manuscript are in the correct order before ordering the citations.
Article Types & Format
Editorial: Written by the Editors, Researchers, Scholars, etc. on a variety of subjects of interest to the Journal readers. Typically shorter than two pages.
Letter to the Editor: Submitted by the Reader and Provisions, refutes, or adds relevant information related to a formerly published article. Authors amending their own work or responding to an analysis of their article by a reader(s). The letter will undergo peer-review like to other articles.
Commentary: Commentaries accompany the published literature. They may be written either on one's own paper or on someone's work, providing insight, interpretation and evaluation of specific issues within the scope of the journal. Commentaries explain the implications of the article and put it in context. Opinions are also welcome as long as they are factually based.
Review Article: A review article accumulates and summarizes the results of many different articles on a particular topic and re-presents previously published literature, rather than reporting new facts or analysis. They generally provide a recent review of the subject matter. All review articles undergo the same peer-review and editorial process as original research reports. Review articles must include an abstract of 100-200 words and a maximum of 50 references. There is no required page limit for a review article.
Research Article: A Research article reports the new results of original scientific research within the journal’s scope. Research papers deal with its subject in depth. Generally these papers are expected to include Title, Abstract, Keywords, Background/Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, List of abbreviations used (if any), Competing interests (if any), Authors' contributions, Authors' information, Acknowledgements, Funding, Endnotes (if any), References, Illustrations and figures (if any), Tables and captions (if any), and Additional supplementary files (if any). Papers that are exclusively methodological or that the editors of the journal present models or hypothesis unsupported by original data are not acceptable. Research papers are generally expected to include 3000 – 6000 words excluding abstract and references.
Case Reports: A case report is the descriptive study of a single individual (case report) or small group (case series) that includes signs, symptoms, diagnostic studies, treatment course, and outcome.
Case Reports must provide an original description of previously unreported entity or report new presentation of a known disease or a new perspective of case which poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. Case Reports should include a comprehensive review of similar cases and state the differences between present case and previous cases. Case reports should be accompanied by clinical, radiological and pathologic images. A case report is generally of one or two pages in length.
Clinical Images: Clinical Images section includes clinical images, diagnostic or investigative images especially images in radiology, endoscopy, pathology and cytopathology. The images should be accompanied by brief history and case discussion followed by conclusion. Abstract is not required. The Clinical Images will undergo peer review similar to other articles.